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Regular dictionaries



A dictionary is important

Most people use an english dictionary often. On the internet you find online free dictionaries. Translation of words is necessary. From english to spanish, french or german! But for example also translations from english to dutch, czech, greek, latin, romanian, italian, russian or polish. And what to think of arabic, korean, chinese, bulgarian, hebrew or bulgarian? A language translation dictionary is populair.



Definitions of the word dictionary
The word dictionary originates from the Latin "dictionarium manuale" or "dictionarius liber", which mean ‘manual or book of words’. The word dictionary has six definitions:
  • Book of word meanings: a reference book that contains alphabetically ordered words, with explanations of their meanings, often with information about grammar, pronunciation, and etymology
  • Foreign-language reference book of words: a reference book that alphabetically arranges and translates words and phrases in two or more languages
    (a Spanish-English dictionary)
  • Specialized reference book: a reference book that alphabetizes and explains terms relating to a subject or topic
    (a dictionary of music)
  • List of information: a book that lists examples or information arranged alphabetically or in some other way, e.g. by author
    (a dictionary of quotations)
  • Word-processing reference: a file used as a reference by a word-processing program for correct spelling and hyphenation
  • Alphabetical list of computer codes: an alphabetized list of keys or code names used in a program, each briefly defined
    source: Encarta.msn.com

    A short description of a dictionary
    A dictionary is a published list, in alphabetical order, of the words of a language. In monolingual dictionaries the words are explained and defined in the same language; in bilingual dictionaries they are translated into another language. Modern dictionaries usually also provide phonetic transcriptions, hyphenation, synonyms, derived forms, and etymology. However, a dictionary of a living language can never be complete; old words fall into disuse, new words are constantly created, and those surviving frequently change their meanings. The modern dictionary is often prescriptive rather than descriptive, for it attempts to establish certain forms as preferable. The most remarkable case of this sort is the dictionary of the French Academy, which is both widely admired and ignored. The popular American attitude of the 19th cent. toward dictionaries gave them a nearly sacred authority, but in the 20th cent. the dictionary makers themselves began to replace notions of purity (especially based on etymology ) by criteria of use, somewhat ahead of analogous developments in grammar. Because of the unprecedented scientific advances of the 20th cent., many scientific terms have come into popular use and consequently have increased the size of general dictionaries.
    source: Encyclopedia.com

    History of dictionaries

    The first dictionary is dated back to the 7th century BC and belongs to the library of the Ashurbanipal, the king of Assyria, Nineveh. It was clay tablets with cuneiform inscriptions. Next was the Latin dictionary by Verrius Flaccus. The Greeks had something similar to glossaries of unusual words and phrases rather than a comprehensive and exhaustive collection of words of their language. In 1502 ADan Italian monk by name Ambrogio Calpeno made an important dictionary. After this period there was a huge explosion on the number and availability of dictionaries. It is difficult to keep track of the outburst of dictionaries and list them all after this period.
    source: A-Z Dictionaries.com



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